World world solve the problems of garbage: plastic-eating discover the end, crawler type
Accidental discovery: caterpillars of the greater wax moth plastic bags, bottles, packaging and much more: with countless items made of plastic manufacturers. The material used, however, hardly biodegradable. This has led in the past decades, a huge garbage problem. But now there is hope: researchers have discovered a crawler type plastic eating.
Currently more than 400 million tons of plastic annually. Ends up in oceans and human food chain. Now researchers have for the first time to demonstrate micro-plastic in the human chair. (Photo: kranidi/fotolia.Com)
Removal lasts for centuries they have been trying for years experts to find ways to the global garbage problem can be best solution can. Especially plastic waste is difficult after all the material is hardly biodegradable. “Up to the ordinary plastic bag moving, it will take about 400 years. Plastic bottles 450 years nylon fishing nets and even 600 years”, reported the Fraunhofer-Institute a few years ago. Maybe, but now there is a solution to this problem: researchers discovered a caterpillar in a plastic eating.
Each year round produces a trillion plastic bags. Because the material is hardly biodegradable, is landing a lot of it end up in the sea. A small animal can help to solve the global waste problem: the researchers found that some larvae eat the plastic. (Photo: kranidi/fotolia.com) a year to a trillion plastic bags region in the world annually about one trillion plastic bags the production of 60 million tons. Since only a small percentage of the universal application of waste plastic is recycled, it accumulates increasingly in the environment.
Ultimately end up in the sea. In the meantime, the plastic garbage in all of the search to find the. Even in Arctic waters is already plastic waste is discovered.
The search for alternatives in light of the growing waste problem “is a feverishly for alternatives to petroleum-plastic from looking for perfectly,” wrote the Fraunhofer Institute, as it is about the development of a new bio-plastic packaging reported.
There may be, but the easiest solution to the global garbage problem: the larvae of the greater wax moth (Galleria mellonella).
This is probably the most widely used and biologically hardly-degradable plastic polyethylene (PE), such as the researchers in the journal “Current Biology” to write.
It was discovered that much like in the science – by accident.
Random find of the hobby beekeeper “I have been involved professionally with chicken embryos, but I’m a hobby bee breeder,” said author of the study Federica Bertocchini Spanish Universidad de Cantabria, according to a report from news agency dpa.
According to their data, I’ve discovered the cleansing of the hive “these worms” and “pollen and residues of feed, beekeepers like the plague”.
The Italian grabbed the larvae in a plastic bag, and stated shortly thereafter: “after a period of time, a bag full of holes the larvae was out!”
Through this observation, the research scientists and his colleagues in the movement.
Plastic waste in landfills and in the oceans, the disposal of the group noted that about 100 larvae of the wax moth in 12 hours, about 92 milligrams of natural shopping bag could meet. “The removal of very fast, faster than anything that has been published about this topic until now scientifically,” said Bertocchini.
Study co-author Paolo Bombelli from the University of Cambridge said in a letter: “this discovery could be an important tool to polyethylene plastic waste in landfills and the oceans accumulated to get rid of them.”
According to Bertocchini of the fund because of the high rate of urbanization “the prospect of significant applications of Biotechnology have”.
The world explained: “We believe that this rapid transformation of the molecule or the enzyme responsible we will try to isolate.” She hopes that you enjoy the production of this enzyme in large-scale use of waste plastic for.
Other organisms build the synthetic materials , it is known that other organisms, such as fungi or bacteria plastic able to dispel. As such, researchers have discovered the Japanese Kyoto Institute of Technology, a bacteria the name Ideonella sakaiensis, pets can digest bottles.
This as I have already discovered “the plastic eaters” however, far from providing a solution to this global problem with plastic garbage.
Because even under optimal conditions, it takes about six weeks to move, a small piece of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The larvae of the great wax moth are the removal of polyethylene (PE) is much faster. (M)
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